Out of the Rock Teacher’s Guide Binder

This teachers’ guide binder contains 15 ready-to-use, hands-on, integrated learning activities on rocks, minerals, mining, geology, the environment and economics. Grades K-8.44 pp.; 3-ring binder;  8” x 10 1/2”; color contents.

Educational Standards: Next Generation Science Standards PS1, LS1, ESS3, and ETS1; and Common Core State Standards for language and math.

Education GeoSource

The Education GeoSource database has thousands of free resources, from lessons to outreach and teacher professional development, for use in classrooms, scout programs, or at home.

The Rock Cycle

The Geological Society of London’s Online interactive resource The Rock Cycle, with the Rock Cycle Animation, shows how surface and deep Earth processes produce the rocks we stand on and use to build our homes.  Also find a glossary, demonstrations/experiments and extensive background information about the rock cycle.

Wild and Cool Colors

Observe the interesting optical effects schiller, iridescence, pleochroism, and alexandrite effect.

Time to Split

Break minerals to observe their cleavage or fracture. How a mineral breaks depends upon the mineral’s structure. Cleavage is an easily demonstrated property of minerals such as calcite, halite, and mica.

The Popcorn Mineral

Students take a small piece of unexpanded vermiculite, holding it with tongs or long tweezers, and insert it into the flame of a propane torch. The vermiculite expands rapidly to many times its original thickness.

The Mineral That Gets A Suntan

Exposure to ultraviolet light causes changes in minerals. One of the lesser-known phenomena is tenebrescence, in which a mineral actually changes color upon exposure to ultraviolet light (this is not the same as fluorescence). Using an ultraviolet light, you can give a mineral a reversible “suntan.”

Tested by Fire

Everyone loves fireworks and students often wonder how fireworks get their rich colors. Using the flame test, students can produce their own colored flames and learn about fireworks, minerals, and their common elements.